Authors: 1Kwaga, B. T., 1Ali, A., 2Ringim, M. I.G.3 and Dishi, K.
The study examined the effects micro-climatic factors and beehive efficiency on the yield and quality of honey in Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State. Habitat and hive potentials that could guarantee possible apicultural industry have not been examined in the study area. Data on the micro-climatic factors were gathered from the nearest meteorological station to the study site. Yield of honey was recorded from different bee hives for 2 years. Method of Association of Analytical Chemist (AOAC) was used to determine the chemical composition of honey. Multiple regressions were used in the assessment of effect of microclimatic factors. Analysis of variance-ANOVA (RCBD) was used in assessing the efficiency of hive types on the yield and quality of honey. Temperature (0.527*) contributed more than other factors (P<0.05) to the yield of honey. R22 (65.9%) indicated high coefficient of determination between the determinant factors. A mean yield of 25.20kg and 6.95kg were obtained from Langstronth and clay pot respectively. Total honey yield of 36.20kg (38.39%) and 25.30kg (41.88%) were obtained for first and second years respectively. Yield varied significantly with hive types, but quality of honey did not vary significantly with hive types. Further studies should be conducted on other mineral elements of honey that were not covered by this research.
Keywords: Effects, Efficiency, beehives, honey yield, quality